How to Ride a Horse
Basic Horse Terminology
by Cheryl Sutor
MARE - Adult female horse (3 years and older).
GELDING - Castrated adult male horse (3 years and older).
STALLION - Uncastrated adult male horse (3 years and older).
PONY - A full-grown small horse (14.2 hands and under).
FOAL - A newborn baby horse (before weaning).
WEANLING - A colt or filly who is 6 to 12 months old.
YEARLING - A horse who is between 1 and 2 years old.
COLT - Male horse (3 years old and under).
FILLY - Female horse (3 years old and under).
The Horse's Body:
CONFORMATION - The shape of a horse's body. A horse with good conformation is stronger and more likely to stay sound than one with weak conformation.
HAND - Measures how tall a horse is (one hand = four inches).
LAME - A "lame horse" has an injury that interferes with his performance and/or health.
SOUND - A "sound horse" does not have any injuries that interfere with his performance and/or health.
POINTS - This word is used when describing the color of a horse. The "points" of a horse are his mane, tail, lower legs and the tips of his ears.
GAIT - The different speeds a horse can travel. Every horse has 4 natural "gaits", the (1) walk (2) trot (3) canter (4) gallop.
WEANING - The gradual process of separating a foal from its mother.
TACK - All equipment used on a horse (bridle, saddle, halter, etc.)
LUNGING - A way of exercising a horse, using a lunge line that is attached to the horse's halter. The horse moves in circles around the trainer, who stands in the middle holding the lunge line.
Horse walks off when Mounting
Monty Roberts Horsemanship