Horse Summer Camps
How a Horse's Learning and Memory Impacts Training
Does your horse become skittish in a location where it previously had a frightening experience? Horses are prey animals, and, in the wild, if an attack occurred at a certain site, the ability to form long-term memories enables the herd to avoid that spot in the future. Horse memory is very practical, and that's something equestrians can put to work in training and building a relationship with their horses.
Horse Memory & Training
Scientific tests of equine psychology reveal extraordinary powers of memory and an ability to learn by trial and error. Consistency and repetition in training contribute to the development of a behavior pattern, and ultimately a habit. In training a horse, favorable habits are what the trainer is attempting to establish.
It is important to make sure that your horse is at ease when you are trying to teach it something. An animal will learn very little when under stress, except perhaps to try and avoid that situation in the future. Stress, panic and perceived threat can make learning nearly impossible for your horse. Each horse is different; some laid back, some high strung; so be sure not to rush training or train at an inopportune time.
When training, do not constantly correct or interrupt your horse's thought process. Horses are sequential thinkers, and a task that requires deep concentration will never be learned and established in memory if the animal can't focus.
Ultimately, a horse that has been well trained never forgets its training, nor does a poorly trained one. This is why it is so important to recognize and correct unwanted behaviors before they become bad habits.
A Memory for Mischief
Horses are smart and energetic animals that require mental and physical activity. Idle, bored horses will look for something to do, and this can often lead to trouble, such as opened gate latches, leads untied from posts, and grain bins opened. Once these mischievous masters of memory succeed, they are automatically reinforced by the innate reward of each activity, and the combination of boredom, good memory and inadvertent reward leads to bad horse habits that are hard to break.
Building a Relationship with Your Horse
No Hard Feelings: Although horses remember well, they don't hold grudges, and neither should you. If a nip's directed at you, and you reprimand in return, once that exchange is over, it's all water under the bridge.
The handler is not going to hurt their horses feeling by establish control. A horse that puts up a fight is testing you. It's not personal. The animal is establishing boundaries; trying to see what it can get away with. Remember, horse herds have leaders. In the horse-handler relationship, you need to establish yourself as the leader. The horse will remember that you've earned its respect.
The Last Memory Lasts: As a sequential thinker, a horse will best remember the last event in a series, so always end your interaction on a positive note. That is what the horse will recall, and establishing positive memories will help you build a great long-term friendship with your horse.
Sources and Other Helpful Animal Behavior & Equestrian Links
Waring, G.H. (2002). Horse Behavior, William-Andrews Inc.Bradley, M., Professor, Department of Animal Sciences, University of Missouri-Columbia.
The Animal Behavior Society
Careers In Animal Behavior
Animal Behavior Wikibook
ASPCA: Ask the Expert - Horse Behavior
Equisearch: Website for People Who Love Horses